Pulmonology

Pulmonary is a subspecialty of internal medicine. It focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions related to the lungs and respiratory tract. The doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases of the respiratory system is called a pulmonologist. He treats diseases and conditions of the lungs and other organs that help you breathe.

Complications leading to pulmonary issues occur in 22% of high-risk patients and 5–10% of patients undergoing non-thoracic surgery. PPCs are medical conditions impacting the respiratory tract that can severely affect the post-surgery clinical course of the patient.

COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a gradual life-threatening lung disease that causes breathlessness and is inclined towards serious illness.

It is estimated that 3.17 million deaths occurred due to COPD globally in 2015which is 5% of all deaths globally in that year. Out of this more than 90% of COPD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

Subspecialties

  • Asthma
  •  Bronchiectasis
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  •  Interventional Pulmonology
  • Lung Cancer
  •  Lung Transplantation
  • Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia
  •  Pulmonary Hypertension
  •  Pulmonary Rehabilitation
  • Sarcoidosis

The wide spectrum of pulmonary complications includes the following:

  • Atelectasis
  • Pneumonia.
  • Bronchospasm.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Pulmonary collapse due to mucus clogging the airways
  •  Exacerbation of previously infected lung disease
  • Acute lung injury
  • Respiratory failure with ventilatory support
  • Pulmonary embolism.