Psoriasis is a severe skin condition that has a prominent negative effect on patients’ quality of life. Many depression and suicidal cases have been associated with Psoriasis.
Psoriasis is a skin condition wherein the skin cells multiple at an accelerated rate leading to an collection of dead cells on the surface of the epidermis. It causes red, itchy scaly patches, mostly on the scalp, elbow, knees, and trunk.
Psoriasis is prevalent in all countries and affects people of all ages. It is a serious global health condition that has impacted over 100 million people.
Psoriasis symptoms often become worse due to certain triggers which could be either physical or environmental. Some of the common triggers include the following:
- Chilling weather
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- Autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis or HIV weaken the immune system
- Skin injuries like sunburn, bug bite, or cut
- Too much tension and stress
- Some medications that may include beta-blockers, antimalarial drugs, or lithium
The different types of psoriasis
This type of psoriasis occurs with symptoms like inflamed, raised, red skin covered with silvery, white scales. Out of 10 psoriasis patients 8 suffer from this kind of condition.
With symptoms such as pink and red, small spots appearing on your skin, this type of the disease is often visible in children and young adults.
Also known as intertriginous psoriasis—a skin condition that causes red and inflamed lesions in the skin folds of the body. The lesions appear on the groin, under the breasts, armpits, genitals, or buttocks. Symptoms include patches of skin that are without scales but are deep red, shiny, and smooth.
Mostly appear in adults, this kind of psoriasis occurs with symptoms like fever, muscle weakness, nausea, chills, or fast heart rate. Under serious conditions, it covers the entire body and is called generalized pustular psoriasis and may need a doctor’s consultation.
Not very common this type of psoriasis is serious and causes fiery skin that appears to be burned. The symptoms include fast heart rate, itching, peeling & burning, and change in body temperature.
It causes changes in the nails, both fingers, and toes. The symptoms can have an emotional and physical effect on the patient and impact their life. It is treatable but takes time. It is more common in people who have psoriatic arthritis and have symptoms like separation of the nail from the bed, pitting, pain, discoloring etc.
When a patient has both psoriasis and arthritis it falls under the condition called psoriasis arthritis. In the majority of the cases, patients have psoriasis for long years before arthritis strikes them. The symptoms of the disease include painful and stiff joints, discolored warm joints, and swelling on the finger and toes.
Things to do to keep psoriasis away
Psoriasis has no cure yet, however, there are ways to get relief from the symptoms. Some of the most known prevention are mentioned below.
Avoid cold and dry weather conditions
Psoriasis is deeply impacted by climate and for many patients, cold or dry weather makes their condition worse.
Protect your skin and scalp
If you suffer from psoriasis be careful with your skin. Avoid scratching of scales and patches as it may make the condition worse. Symptoms may flare up if you cut yourself while trimming your nails, so be careful. To get relief regular bathing with soothing products will help.
Use a Humidifier
Moist skin provides a soothing effect to the condition. To avoid dry surroundings use a humidifier.
Moisturizing lotions should help
Dry skin invigorates the condition therefore it is imperative to keep it moist using lotions and creams like petroleum jelly that helps to trap the moisture within.
Medications that cause flare-ups should be avoided
Some of the medicines that are known to worsen the condition include Propranolol, Lithium, other beta-blockers, and Quinidine and should be avoided. Make your doctors aware of the medicines that you take and if they would impact your condition.
A little bit of sun is good
Since the UV rays of the sun hinder the abnormal growth of the skin cells moderates exposure with the use of sun screen to the sun is good. Sunburn increases the risk of skin cancer or may trigger psoriasis
Avoid trigger of Koebner’s phenomenon
Koebner’s phenomenon is a condition where there is the formation of psoriatic skin lesions on body parts that are not otherwise prone to psoriasis lesions. In such a situation it is critical to avoid burns, cuts, bruises, infections, and bumps. Being careful while shaving would be an added benefit. Such patients need to avoid tattoos, acupuncture, bug bites, Poison ivy, surgical incisions, skin diseases like folliculitis and eczema.
Maintain a healthy diet with exercise
According to experts, patients with psoriasis should eat a well-balanced diet containing fruits and vegetables. Having an active lifestyle with regular exercise also helps as studies have suggested that obesity may trigger flares.
It is imperative to understand the trigger points to reduce and prevent symptoms of psoriasis. Proper treatment and avoiding triggers can help minimize symptoms, thus providing relief.