“Health is wealth” is not just a proverb; it’s a way of life. A healthy life can enable hard work and be successful in life, enjoy it to the fullest and also help others in society.
However, if you fall sick due to some reason, you can approach a practicing doctor. The specialty of dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of internal diseases is called internal medicine. A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases like diabetes, respiratory disorders, infectious diseases, and other diseases related to internal medicine is called internists.
According to the World Health Organization, 56 million people died in 2017 due to various disease, cardiovascular diseases was the leading cause, second being cancer, followed by respiratory and digestive diseases. The rate of death has grown exponentially over the last few years.
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Subspecialties of internal medicine include the following:
- Allergy and Immunology
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Advanced Heart Failure and Transplant Cardiology
- Interventional Cardiology
- Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology
- Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
- Transplant Hepatology
- Infectious Disease
- Oncology (cancer)
- Pulmonary Disease
Complications related to internal medicine include:
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.
- Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers.
- Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases.