Hematology

Hematology–the subspecialty of internal medicine focuses on disorders of the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic systems. A hematologist diagnoses and treats anemia, hematological malignancies, leukemia, rare genetic disorders, conditions related to HIV, sickle cell disease, and complications from chemotherapy or transfusions.

Hematologist-oncologists specialize in treating blood cancers, such as leukemias, lymphomas, Hodgkins and non-Hodgkins, and multiple myelomas. He may also specialize in the management of solid tumors.

Talking about leukemia–from 2012 to 2016, leukemia was the sixth most common cause of cancer deaths in the US alone. The global number is alarming. In 2020, more than 20,000 people are estimated to die from leukemia.

If you take the case of anemia, another blood disorder, globally, 1.62 billion people were impacted by anemia, which corresponds to 24.8% of the world population. The highest affected are preschool-age children.

Hematology could be subspecialized into the following:

  • Acute Leukemia/Myelodysplasia
  • Chronic Lymphoproliferative
  • Bone Marrow Transplant
  • Lymphoma
  • Coagulation Disorders
  • Myeloma, Amyloidosis, Dysproteinemia
  • Core Consultative Hematology
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders
  •  Pediatric Hematology/Oncology in Minnesota

Complications of blood disorder

Some of the complications associated with blood diseases like leukemia and anemia include

  • Osteonecrosis of the Jaw.
  • Myelosuppression.
  • Kidney Impairment.
  • Thrombosis and Embolism.
  • Hyperviscosity Syndrome.
  • Kidney Impairment.
  •  Cryoglobulinemia.
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
  •  Heart problems.
  • Death.